How to distinguish a sapphire from a fake
Sapphire is a precious stone, colored in blue, blue, even purple tones. Of course, it is not as expensive as a diamond, but still its price is quite high, so it is profitable for fraudsters to fake this precious mineral. How to make sure that the purchase is a real sapphire, and not a fake?
Real stones rarely have a uniform structure – if you look closely, you can see the heterogeneity of the mineral, and different shades of color on top and bottom of the stone. If there are such signs, then it can be assumed that the stone is natural. In artificial synthetic sapphires, the color will be the same, the structure is most likely homogeneous, in addition, air bubbles will be visible in fake sapphires. However, high-quality crafts are also made from natural stones – such as cyanide or tourmaline, which have their own complex internal structure – so it is quite difficult to determine such a fake.
You can also determine the authenticity of a stone by its strength. Sapphire is a very durable stone, it is second only to diamond in this quality. If you run something sharp over it, there should not be a trace on the surface. The presence of a scratch indicates a fake.
In order not to make a mistake in choosing, it is better to buy jewelry of this kind in well-known stores where friends or yourself have previously purchased jewelry. In addition, the sapphire jewelry must be accompanied by a certificate. When buying, you need to pay attention to whether the level of purity is affixed somewhere in the documents for the stone – IF stone. If it is marked, the stone is clearly not real, because this indicator is not determined in natural sapphires.
For complete confidence, you can invite a jeweler with you so that he immediately assesses the authenticity of the stone. Sapphire is a rather expensive purchase so that the cost of a specialist is fully justified. So, to determine the authenticity of professionals can use a number of devices. A refractometer will allow you to determine the refractive index, which differs for different stones – for sapphire it is in the range of 1.762-1.778. If you look at synthetic sapphire under ultraviolet rays, it glows with a greenish light – this is due to the fact that titanium is often used in the production of artificial sapphires.
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